How to season a dutch oven

How to season a dutch oven. A dutch oven is a versatile and essential piece of cookware that can be used for a wide range of cooking methods, from baking, roasting, and braising to frying and boiling.

To maintain its performance and longevity, it is important to properly season your dutch oven before use. This article will provide step-by-step instructions on how to season your dutch oven, including what you need and what to avoid.

How to season a dutch oven

How to season a dutch oven 2023

Before you start seasoning your dutch oven, you will need a few supplies:

  • Dutch oven
  • Cooking oil (vegetable or canola oil)
  • Paper towels or clean cloths
  • Oven mitts
  • Stove or oven

Steps to Season a Dutch Oven

Step 1: Clean the Dutch Oven

Before seasoning, it is important to remove any residue or oils from the surface of the dutch oven. To do this, wash the dutch oven with warm soapy water, then rinse thoroughly and dry with a clean cloth.

If there are any stubborn spots, use a soft scrubber or steel wool to remove them. Do not use any abrasive cleaners or materials as they can damage the surface of the dutch oven.

Step 2: Apply the Oil

Once your dutch oven is clean and dry, it is time to apply the oil. You will want to use a neutral-flavored oil, such as vegetable or canola oil, to avoid any unwanted flavors in your food.

Using a paper towel or clean cloth, generously apply the oil to the entire surface of the dutch oven, including the bottom, sides, and lid. Make sure to cover all areas, including the handles and any raised ridges.

Step 3: Heat the Dutch Oven

Next, place the dutch oven on the stovetop or in the oven, set to medium heat. Allow the dutch oven to heat for approximately 10-15 minutes, until the oil has started to smoke. Be sure to wear oven mitts while handling the dutch oven as it will be very hot.

Step 4: Remove the Dutch Oven

Once the oil has started to smoke, turn off the heat and allow the dutch oven to cool completely. Do not touch the dutch oven with your bare hands as it will be very hot.

Step 5: Wipe the Dutch Oven

Using a paper towel or clean cloth, gently wipe any excess oil from the surface of the dutch oven. Make sure to wipe away any oil that has collected in the bottom or sides of the dutch oven. Be careful not to remove too much oil, as this will reduce the effectiveness of the seasoning.

Step 6: Repeat the Process

Repeat steps 2-5 several times, until the surface of the dutch oven has a nice sheen. The number of times you need to repeat the process will depend on the size and type of dutch oven you have, but 3-4 rounds of seasoning is a good starting point.

What to Avoid

  1. Do not use high heat to season the dutch oven, as this can cause the oil to burn and leave a bitter flavor on the surface.
  2. Do not use cooking sprays or oils with a strong flavor, as these can affect the taste of your food.
  3. Do not skip the cleaning step before seasoning, as this can prevent the oil from adhering to the surface.
  4. Do not over-wipe the dutch oven after seasoning, as this can reduce the effectiveness of the seasoning.

Benefits of Seasoning a Dutch Oven

Benefits of Seasoning a Dutch Oven

Seasoning a dutch oven has several benefits, including:

1. Improved Non-Stick Surface

Seasoning creates a natural non-stick surface on the dutch oven, making it easier to cook and clean.

The oil creates a protective layer that prevents food from sticking to the surface, reducing the need for additional oils or sprays.

2. Enhanced Flavor

Seasoning also enhances the flavor of your food by adding a rich, nutty taste to your dishes. The oil slowly caramelizes as you cook, creating a depth of flavor that cannot be achieved with unseasoned cookware.

3. Increased Durability

Seasoning helps protect the surface of the dutch oven from scratches and wear, increasing its lifespan. The protective layer of oil will also prevent rust from forming on the surface, ensuring that your dutch oven remains in good condition for years to come.

4. Easy Maintenance

A well-seasoned dutch oven is also easier to clean and maintain. The non-stick surface makes it easier to wipe down and prevents food from sticking, reducing the need for scrubbing or soaking.


Why is seasoning important for a Dutch oven?

Seasoning helps protect the Dutch oven from rust and makes it more non-stick, allowing for better food release and easier cleaning. A well-seasoned Dutch oven also develops a unique flavor that can enhance the taste of the food cooked in it.

What type of oil is best for seasoning a Dutch oven?

Vegetable oil, canola oil, or flaxseed oil are commonly used to season cast iron. Avoid using oils that have a low smoke point, such as olive oil, as they can smoke and create a rancid odor.

How often do I need to season my Dutch oven?

The frequency of seasoning depends on how frequently you use the Dutch oven. If you use it regularly, it’s a good idea to season it every 2-3 uses to maintain the protective layer. If you don’t use it frequently, it may only need to be seasoned once or twice a year.


Seasoning a dutch oven is a simple process that can greatly improve the performance and longevity of your cookware. By following these steps and avoiding common mistakes, you can create a well-seasoned dutch oven that is perfect for all your cooking needs. Whether you are baking, roasting, or braising, a well-seasoned dutch oven is a must-have in any kitchen.

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